how to install mysql proxy quick and easy

In the linux ubuntu or redhat/centos (yum) just use the default package manager. For my post I am using ubuntu as an example to illustrate my point.

sudo apt-get install mysql-proxy

You should be getting the following confirmation

Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
ttf-dejavu-extra libevent-extra-2.0-5 libmysql++3 libdbi1 libapr1 librrd4 libcairo2 libmysqlclient-dev libaprutil1-ldap libthai-data libreadline6-dev libpcrecpp0 libsvn1 libdatrie1
fontconfig libtinfo-dev libpixman-1-0 libevent-openssl-2.0-5 libaprutil1-dbd-sqlite3 libonig2 libthai0 libneon27-gnutls zlib1g-dev libevent-pthreads-2.0-5 libzzip-0-13 ttf-dejavu
libdb4.8 libpq5 libpcre3-dev libpango1.0-0 libxcb-render0 libxcb-shm0 libaprutil1 libevent-core-2.0-5 libfcgi0ldbl libreadline-dev

However, to run the mysql-proxy there is a few tweak needed, assuming that you are not using mysql-proxy beyond just a proxy.

To start up mysql-proxy, you may issue the command such as this :
sudo mysql-proxy --defaults-file=/etc/mysql/mysql_proxy.cnf &

The configuration of mysql_proxy.cnf :

log-file = /opt/apps/logs/mysql-proxy/mysql-proxy.log
log-level = debug
proxy-backend-addresses =
admin-username = root
admin-password = for_my_eyes_only

If the mysql-proxy fails to start as a daemon, it is best to check the logs at /opt/apps/logs/mysql-proxy/mysql-proxy.log :

root@ckm-myprox:/opt/apps/logs/mysql-proxy$ sudo tail -f mysql-proxy.log
2014-06-11 20:58:27: (message) mysql-proxy 0.8.1 started
2014-06-11 20:58:27: (debug) max open file-descriptors = 1024
2014-06-11 20:58:27: (critical) admin-plugin.c:579: --admin-lua-script needs to be set, /lib/mysql-proxy/lua/admin.lua may be a good value
2014-06-11 20:58:27: (critical) mainloop.c:267: applying config of plugin admin failed
2014-06-11 20:58:27: (critical) mysql-proxy-cli.c:596: Failure from chassis_mainloop. Shutting down.
2014-06-11 20:58:27: (message) Initiating shutdown, requested from mysql-proxy-cli.c:597
2014-06-11 20:58:27: (message) shutting down normally, exit code is: 1

The last line of the log, just confirmed the mysql-proxy were failed to start due admin lua were not set. To skip the admin lua function(assuming that it will not be used). Start the mysql with :
sudo mysql-proxy --defaults-file=/etc/mysql/mysql_proxy.cnf --plugins=proxy &

Take note that my post on installing mysql-proxy, the version is 0.8.4 and the stock from ubuntu repository is 0.8.1 .

Installing mysql proxy from source into uBuntu server 12.04

Pre-requisite :

  • Root access or administrative rights to the uBuntu server.
  • uBuntu Server 12.04 installed.
  • OpenSSH Server installed in the server.
  • Ensure gcc with all its development libraries are installed.
  • Ensure gnu make is installed in the server.

Scope :

  • Works on x64 ubuntu
  • mysql_proxy 0.8.4

Installation steps :

  1. Download the mysql proxy source
    sudo wget
  2. Unpack/Extract the source in your favorite temporary working directory
    Extract mysql_proxy source
    sudo tar -xzvf mysql-proxy-0.8.4.tar.gz
  3. Install the libmysql.
    sudo apt-get install libmysql++-dev
  4. Preparing to create configuration using source
    sudo ./configure
  5. The first run from the configure will result in configuration error due to dependent libraries/apps were not installed.
    configure: error: The pkg-config script could not be found or is too old. Make sure it is in your PATH or set the PKG_CONFIG environment variable to the full path to pkg-config.
  6. To proceed install the pkg-config.
    sudo apt-get install pkg-config
  7. Rerun configure. The error will indicate LUA were not installed.
    checking pkg-config is at least version 0.9.0... yes checking for LUA... no ... checked for Lua via pkg-config: No package 'lua' found. retrying with lua5.1 checking for LUA... no configure: error: checked for Lua via pkg-config: No package 'lua5.1' found. Make sure lua and its devel-package, which includes the lua5.1.pc (debian and friends) or lua.pc (all others) file, is installed
  8. To fix the dependency error, install LUA and the LUA mysql library.
    sudo apt-get install lua5.1
    sudo apt-get install liblua5.1 sudo apt-get install liblua5.1-sql-mysql2
  9. Rerun the configure, the next error is missing glib.
    checking pkg-config is at least version 0.9.0... yes checking for LUA... no ... checked for Lua via pkg-config: No package 'lua' found. retrying with lua5.1 checking for LUA... yes checking for GLIB... configure: error: Package requirements (glib-2.0 >= 2.16.0) were not met:
  10. Install the missing glib and glib libraries.
    sudo apt-get install glib2.0 sudo apt-get install libglib2.0-0
  11. Error still occurs, missing libevent error during configurationconfigure: error: libevent is required
  12. Install the missing depencies, libevent.sudo apt-get install libevent-2.0-5 sudo apt-get install libevent-dev
  13. After installing pk-config, lua, glib and libevent, all dependencies should be resolved, continue to rerun configure.
  14. Continue to run the compilation and installation after the is configure completed.
    sudo make
    sudo make install
  15. Test the mysql-proxy. Running mysql-proxy for the first timesudo mysql-proxy
  16. If there is a following error while running mysql-proxy, and the missing library is found proceed with next step.mysql-proxy: error while loading shared libraries: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
  17. To fix the error, run ldconfig .sudo ldconfig
  18. Rerun mysql-proxy. If you are getting the output below means you have successfully installed mysql-proxy.Usage:
    mysql-proxy [OPTION...] - MySQL Proxy
    Help Options:
    -h, --help Show help options
    --help-all Show all help options
    --help-proxy Show options for the proxy-module
    Application Options:
    -V, --version Show version
    --defaults-file= configuration file
    --verbose-shutdown Always log the exit code when shutting down
    --daemon Start in daemon-mode
    --user= Run mysql-proxy as user
    --basedir= Base directory to prepend to relative paths in the config
    --pid-file= PID file in case we are started as daemon
    path to the plugins
    --plugins= plugins to load
    --log-level=(error|warning|info|message|debug) log all messages of level ... or higher
    --log-file= log all messages in a file
    --log-use-syslog log all messages to syslog
    --log-backtrace-on-crash try to invoke debugger on crash
    --keepalive try to restart the proxy if it crashed
    --max-open-files maximum number of open files (ulimit -n)
    --event-threads number of event-handling threads (default: 1)
    --lua-path= set the LUA_PATH
    --lua-cpath= set the LUA_CPATH

How to custom install AWSCli into linux based machine


Good new for AWS users, Amazon has release the new unified AWSCli was released in September 2013. Amazon did provide multiple ways to have the new AWSCli installed.

I have to admit the task of installation is more straight forward and simplified compared to the old AWS Cli.

At the time of this post, the AWSCli released version 1.2.6, and it runs on Python 2.6. Hence, this post will provide custom install of AWSCli into linux based machine.

For users who are planning to use the AWSCli bundle provided by Amazon here is the recommended steps in sequence. Disclaimer and note : I have not added any form of error catching or linux distro detection and I am assuming the linux distro used is redhat.

Installing AWSCli using the Amazon awscli-bundle

mkdir -p /opt/apps/tmp
cd /opt/apps/tmp
mkdir -p /opt/apps/$(ls awscli-bundle/packages/ | egrep -o 'awscli-[0-9]\.[0-9]\.[0-9]')
./awscli-bundle/install -i /opt/apps/$(ls awscli-bundle/packages/ | egrep -o 'awscli-[0-9]\.[0-9]\.[0-9]')
/opt/apps/awscli/bin/aws --version
ln -s /opt/apps/$(ls awscli-bundle/packages/ | egrep -o 'awscli-[0-9]\.[0-9]\.[0-9]') /opt/apps/awscli
ln -s /opt/apps/awscli/bin/aws /usr/bin/aws
ln -s /opt/apps/awscli/bin/aws.cmd /usr/bin/aws.cmd
cd ~
rm -Rf /opt/apps/tmp

Installing AWS via pip

python --version
apt-get install python-pip
yum install python-pip
cd /opt/apps/
mkdir tmp
cd tmp
pip install awscli==1.2.6
aws help
cd ~
rm -Rf /opt/apps/tmp

The advantage of AWSCli bundle over the pip method is, ease of install without need to get ez_setup and pip installed. Since the AWSCli bundle zip is hosted within Amazon Web Service network, it took me less than 1 seconds to download the 5MB file.

[root@ip-10-255-255-1 ~]# time wget
--2013-11-28 05:25:16--
Connecting to||:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 5139105 (4.9M) [application/zip]
Saving to: `'

===================================================================================>] 5,139,105 16.0M/s in 0.3s

2013-11-28 05:25:17 (16.0 MB/s) - `' saved [5139105/5139105]
real 0m0.611s
user 0m0.096s
sys 0m0.036s
[root@ip-10-255-255-1 ~]# time wget
--2013-11-28 05:25:49--
Connecting to||:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 5139105 (4.9M) [application/zip]
Saving to: `'

===================================================================================>] 5,139,105 19.6M/s in 0.2s

2013-11-28 05:25:49 (19.6 MB/s) - `' saved [5139105/5139105]
real 0m0.338s
user 0m0.076s
sys 0m0.036s

The downside of using the awscli bundle installation is users need to upload the into personal version control servers/services (such as github) in order to have version control of awscli. Therefore, there will be overhead of maintaining the version of the awscli and it will be labor intensive or makes processes complicated.

The only disadvantage of pip AWSCli is the pre-requisite of installing pip. And maybe in the future, would be a permanent removal of older awscli version from the pip public repository.

Administrator using pip will be able to make awscli to be installed into a customed directory such as /opt/apps by using the following pip command

pip install --install-option="--prefix=/opt/apps" awscli==1.2.6

Unfortunately, in doing so pip will no longer able to manage the awscli package. Administrators will need to have a small effort to remove the installed version manually before upgrading the AWSCli using the similar command.

As a closing, to my personal opinion pip is a better way to install and maintaining the version of AWSCli.

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Of course it is simple to script using bash in linux to run rpm or deb binary installation.

What if the installation comes with an interactive installation or installer which is coded as a bash script. Yes, I am looking at you OSSEC .

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Connect to SSH using customed port from UBuntu Terminal

Scope and conditions :

  1. SSH service is running on remote server.
  2. SSH is binded to IP address
  3. SSH service is running on Port 9394 or customed port (SSH default port 22).
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